Understand These Shoulder Problems and Their Treatment to Get Back in Motion
America experiences more pain than other countries.
According to The Atlantic, about a third of Americans feel aches ‘often’ or ‘very often.’ It’s more than any other country.
The Atlantic report reveals that more than 65% of the US population experiences head, neck and shoulder pain at some point in their life.
The major causes of pain include:
- Psychological factors
Anger, sadness, worry, anxiety, and physical pain are all higher among the poor in the United States than among the rich. So, poverty can be considered another factor of head, neck and shoulder pain.
Our shoulder is composed of some prime structured, such as bone, tendons, cartilage, etc. A ball and socket joint allows movement of shoulders. The joint is the most versatile. It is subject to many injuries, pain such as pain in movement, inability to lift the arms, weak shoulder muscles, and so on.
The primary goal of this post is to know the causes and treatment of shoulder pain.
Rotator Cuff Injuries
Soreness of the tendon is the common cause of rotator cuff injuries. During this injury, a patient feels a dull ache in his/her shoulder; they can’t have a sound sleep, difficulty in movement, weak arms. According to health experts, the rotator cuff is a combination of tendons and muscles that surround the shoulder joint, keeps the arm attached within the shallow socket of the shoulder. The injury usually occurs in two conditions:
- Patients can have a partial tear. In it, the soft tissue is damaged.
- Patients can have a full tear. In it, the soft tissue split into two pieces.
In case, one or more tendons are torn, the patients have severe pain in day-to-day activities.
Treatment – Doctors can suggest the patients with rotator cuff injury to perform strengthening and stretching exercise, go to physiotherapy. Depending on the condition of patients, the doctor may also recommend medications and steroid injections.
It’s a type of should injury in which shoulder is dislocated. Since the shoulder joint is very mobile, the shoulder is prone to dislocate. Loose capsular ligaments, repetitive strain, multi-directional instability, and traumatic injury are some of the significant causes of shoulder dislocation. A patient with dislocated shoulder can suffer from intense pain, bruising, inability in movement, out-of-place shoulder and visibly deformed.
Treatment – The treatment includes mild sedatives, medication to reduce pain, physical therapy to strengthen the shoulder muscles and improve range of motion. The goal of the treatment procedure is to reduce the shoulder muscle pain.
This problem is more commonly known as ‘Frozen Shoulder.’ When it occurs, patients feel stiffness and pain in the shoulder joint. The shoulder becomes stiffer the day progresses; patients have problems in moving their shoulders. They recover from the issue at a slow speed.
Treatment – Anyone having frozen shoulder is treated by injecting sterile water into the shoulder, corticosteroid injection in shoulder join to reduce lower neck and shoulder pain, physical therapy and in some cases arthroscopic surgery.
This is the most common type of shoulder arthritis, also known as osteoarthritis or degenerative arthritis. Usually, it affects 50+ people. However, some younger people also complain about shoulder arthritis due to injury or trauma. Patients with this problem have problems in performing activities, ache deep in the joint and the pain centered in the back or shoulder. The pain aggravates with changes in the weather. The patient may also have problems in lifting their arms to comb hair.
The first treatments of osteoarthritis involve several things:
- Making alterations in the way patients move their arm
- Taking anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce inflammation and pain
- Physical therapy (as assigned by the doctor)
- Range-of-motion exercise
- Application of ice packs to the shoulder
- Dietary supplements, medications, and so on.
If these methods don’t help, surgery is the ultimate solution. It includes replacement of the head of the upper arm bone, shoulder joint replacement, removal of a small piece at the end of the collarbone, etc.
Caused because of injury or inflammation of a bursa around the shoulder joint, shoulder bursitis may be as troubling as it sounds. Some other causes include repeated minor trauma, underlying rheumatic condition, overuse of shoulder joint or muscles, major trauma. People with shoulder bursitis suffer from swelling, pain without any motion. The pain increases when the elbow is moved, and the shoulder is touched.
Treatment: A patient with shoulder bursitis is given anti-inflammatories, ice packs to reduce shoulder movement, pain and swelling. Therapy is also suggested for neck and shoulder pain. If this nonsurgical treatment doesn’t work, then surgery is required.
There are many other types of shoulder problems for which proper treatment is available in the medical industry.