Diabetes: How to Prevent, Diagnose and Cure
The world is into the 18th year of the 21st Century, and we can safely say that diabetes remains one of the most common diseases of this era. The only thing which has changed in all these years is people’s perception towards it. It is no longer regarded as a rich man’s disease as people with all ages and economic status are failing to prevent from it. Let’s take a deeper look at how to prevent, diagnose and cure from this life-threatening chronic disease:
Based on their interactions with the human body Diabetes can be categorized into 2 types. Type 1 is an autoimmune disorder where immune system attacks and kills the insulin-producing cells in the body. Type 1 Diabetes generally occurs in people in childhood due to genetic inheritance.
Type 2 Diabetes or Insulin Resistance Diabetes is a stage where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin that is required by the body. This is a more common diabetic type among people with a hectic schedule, older age and ones suffering from obesity. Other causes for developing a Type 2 Diabetic Syndrome may include:
- Older age, 40 years or more
- Damaged Blood Vessels
- High Blood Pressure
- High Cholesterol
- To mothers while giving birth to a large-sized baby
- Mental Disorders
With various advancements in the medical field, in recent years, it has now become easier to diagnose Diabetes via assessing 4 certain parameters measured in a blood test. These are:
1. Glucose Level
Your doctor may diagnose you with Diabetes if your Fasting Plasma Glucose Level is found to be 7.0 mmol/L or higher. A reading b/w 6.0 to 6.9 mmol/L indicates a situation which leads towards Diabetes.
2. Glycated Haemoglobin
If your A1C or Glycated Haemoglobin is found to be greater than 6.4% then its a clear signal of Diabetes. A reading close to the threshold of 6.4% can even be diagnosed as prediabetes.
3. Random Plasma Glucose Level
At any stage or time if your Glucose Levels are reaching 11.0 mmol/L or more then its a clear sign of diabetes.
OGTT or Oral Glucose Tolerance Test is also used to test for Diabetes. The patient is asked to keep fast for 8 hours, after which his Glucose Levels are recorded. The patient is then given a drink containing 75g of Carbohydrates. If the Glucose levels rises to 11.0 mmol/L or more then the patient is diagnosed with Diabetes.
Prevention and Cure
Diabetes is a chronic disease which can even last a lifetime. So it is advisable to focus more on prevention than on its cure.
However, prevention from Type 1 Diabetes is not possible as in most cases it is genetically transferred. Researches are made to find a sure-shot solution to prevent Type 1 diabetes. Patients suffering from Type 1 Diabetes requires a pancreas (or islet) cell transplant. On very rare circumstances patients are advised to undergo a major operation. Diabetic Walking Shoes for men can help reduce the effects to great deal.
Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented to a great extent by making some necessary changes in your lifestyle. This includes a daily 30-minute exercise, maintaining a healthy diet chart plus keeping a check on obesity. The above-mentioned gigs are mandatory for treatment from Type 2 diabetes as well. Although, it has to be seen that the glucose levels are in check after making these change. Or else, doctors prescribe regular insulin injections to those who are suffering.